Summer: the death of Scribus stable and Kubuntu 19.10:
Wooo, summer... Hot weather and a quick computer reinstall right in the middle of the production of the books because my previous Kubuntu 19.10 was obsolete and reached end of life in July. Bad surprise for me this time in the process: no way to install Scribus 1.4.8 stable anymore and all my books are done with that. The package was
savagely forced replaced by 1.5.5~Development and no way to reinstall the previous version flagged as stable by the Scribus team.
So, I'll have to move the book project to this development version (it will take hours of adaptation because the text-engine changed between 1.4x and 1.5x). If you are on Windows, Mac, 18.04 or CentOS no worry for you: the package still exists there. Sad to see that no Appimage, Flatpack or Snap are around to rescue this issue... But let's close for now this parenthesis with a taste of bitterness. I'll cope with that, I saw uglier situations of upgrade in my life and this Kubuntu 20.04 is −about all other aspect− a splendid distribution so far.
Continuing with Kubuntu
As you might already know, I produce everything I do since more than 10 years under a GNU/Linux systems (webcomic, website, book, freelance, videos, etc...). Along the way, I tried so many distros: Linux Mint GNOME2/Mate/Cinnamon, [X-L-K]Ubuntu GNOME2/Unity/GNOME3, Manjaro XFCE, Arch Linux with Awesome, Fedora, Open Suse, well, it would be quicker maybe if I write in this list what I haven't tried.... But from 2018 to now, I'm surprisingly sticking to the same distro: Kubuntu. Third version I have and so far, I'm happy with it. Even a miracle did happen in newer version: Alt key is no longer used by Plasma and this one moved to Super(Windows key). Thank you the KDE devs for that!
What is this article?
To compile the notes here, I used my previous guides as a template and made a full reinstall. If you need to simply upgrade from my previous guide with 19.10, just use this method. You'll find on this article two parts:
- 1. Reasons: or why I advice this for a digital painting workstation.
- 2. Install: or tips, command-lines and methods to clone my config.
Why? This article might help newcomers or even advanced user facing same problematic as I do when choosing an operating system. It will also answer the question "What distro do you use?", a classic I keep receiving all the time (and finally less since I produce this guide).
Part 1. Reasons:
My main big reasons to use a GNU/Linux open-source system evolved a bit from the origins:
- Independence (no one have a control on what I watch, what I use and how I use it).
- Technology (performance, scripting, standards).
- Transparency (open-source: you can investigate any parts).
- Control of my data and privacy.
But almost all distros provide that so here is a specific list of what I prefer on Kubuntu 20.04 compared to other existing solutions:
Graphic Tablet GUI
Kubuntu 20.04 ships out of the box with a first class and fully featured tablet configuration panel, including the possibility to setup all buttons (eg. modifier on stylus button as "Ctrl"), add profiles and switch between them, mapping to custom area and support of multi monitors switch and calibration for pen-display!... That's something that no other desktop environment has to the date (the closer being GNOME but with many features missing in comparison). On the past, I ran custom bash script for years before having the possibility to setup my tablet this way. By the way, if you wonder what type of tablet I'm using, it's a Intuos4 XL (using only 3/4 of the total active surface) with a recent stylus (from Cintiq 13HD era) and with a Huion WH1409 overlay sheet and a DIY wood deck for my keyboard on the non-used upper part because of the mapping (see photo on the header of the article). For the why, read this article because it is a bit too long for here.
Friendly with images format
Dolphin, the file explorer of Kubuntu can generate very large thumbnails for your artworks as you can see under. It supports a lot of image format: Krita source files (kra), Open Raster (ora), Photoshop files (psd) and many other classics (png, jpg, etc...). This is very comfortable to work on a project with many illustrations where very often the filename is not relevant and where your decision of editing will be made according to the content of the thumbnails.
This compatibility will also affect the image viewer and you'll be able to display psd and kra files instantly like for any other usual image format (jpg, png, tiff, tga). This ability to quick preview a heavy layered source file really helps in production.
Dolphin is also able to show previews for your 3D Blender files, your audio and videos medias, OpenEXR and SVG vector format. It's really multimedia-ready.
If you work with incremental saves or many versions of the same image project, having the ability to read larger thumbnail will be help you in your editing choices. You'll also have a better overview on your projects while working on them. I know it sounds a bit obvious; but not for everyone because the mainstream popular file explorer on GNU/Linux —Nautilus— limited by design all the thumbnails to 128px pixels maximum and keeps adding a confusing white rounded border around the picture that alter the representation of pictures.
Friendly with colors
On Kubuntu you can change the color of the theme in the settings. This possibility allows the quick setup of a neutral gray UI, an important feature for working with colors balance. Many themes from other distros force color brand on users; including a flashy main color for selection in relation with the logo. This research of an identity via a strong color damage the work of those who works with colors. And making theme with slightly colored gray (cold or warm) is worst.
Another great feature, are custom colored directories and Git integration in the file explorer; for a person like me with a memory driven for color, shapes and position this is precious to organize my files. I can also see that way what files changed recently and possibility to pull, push, add and commit via the right-click menu. In my opinion, Kubuntu opens Git contribution to non-developer and that's something precious for teamwork.
- A configurable "Open With" menu on right-click to optionally edit your files with other software and setup the position of how they appear on the list. So you can set you kra files to open on double-click with a viewer and with a right click edit it with Krita. This feature sounds obvious, but not all file explorer have a good ergonomy for managing file association.
- Support customization of the user interface. Almost all elements of the user interface (launcher, icons, toolbar) can be modified to mimic any popular desktop environment ergonomy or create your own. Here I prefer a classic bar with a menu, windows lists and system tray; black and on top.
- Support multi-monitors workflow with possbilities as listing windows per monitors, adding menus or widget where you want. It's not just a main monitor and a slave monitor: you'll have two monitors. The tiling in quarter by default is also precious for managing windows on large monitor (eg. QuadHD monitors).
- Perfect system integration for Krita and this is convenient if it is your main tool (Kubuntu is built by the same community: KDE): it improves performances, theming, icons and drag&drop of files.
- Compatible with many devices and has a large knowledge base online thanks Ubuntu community: it works fine for my hardware: a Dell Vostro 430 PC tower I bought 10 years ago with various upgrade: a 8 x Intel Core i7 870 @ 2.93Hz, 16GB RAM and a Nvidia GeForce GTX 650 Ti (requiring Nvidia proprietary drivers, but really easy to install).
Issues and flaws:
- No graphical user interface for color management of your monitors, printers, etc... Well, there is sort of two. First, a project named
colord-kdeexists for that but has bugs. You can install it with
sudo apt install gnome-color-manager libcolord-gtk1 argyll colord-kdeand you'll get a GUI to load ICC to monitors. But you'll can't calibrate, a message "You need Gnome Color Management installed in order to calibrate devices" will tell you it's impossible. Here is the colord-kde bug report started during the beta period of 20.04. On a second time, you have also DisplayCal that works for creating ICC profile but often fail at the moment of applying them at startup. You'll need to extract the ICC produced from the ZIP, then manually load them. So, I'll write a reliable workaround in the second part about it involving a minimal set of command-line while keeping flexibility.
- Thumbnails and image viewer are not color managed (eg. don't expect displaying correctly a PNG using a linear profile, and prepare for random colors for CMYK tiff/jpg thumbnails).
Part 2. Install:
Ok, now let's start with how to get everything working like that.
Download the ISO:
You'll find a free copy of Kubuntu on their website, menu 'Download'. Then you need write the ISO to a USB flash drive. If you are not familiar with how to write an ISO to a USB flash drive, I recommend following the information down the download page of the Ubuntu website with more specific and detailed information for user coming from Windows, MacOS or other operating systems. Here I'm doing from my previous GNU/Linux system, using
gnome-disk-utility that has a convenient shortcut "Write image to disk" appearing after right-clicking any ISO file on file explorer. Then I select my USB drive in a list and done.
Before booting your computer to read the content of the flash drive USB (often a F9 or F12 key on startup to access a "Boot service menu" that will list the USB medias), I'll recommend to prepare a bit the situation. First: do a full backup of any important data. And in second time, prepare your partition layout in advance. When it's done, while installing Kubuntu pick the 'Normal Installation' (not the minimal) and at the 'Disk Setup' part of the process use 'Manual' to enter the partition editor. Then you can tell where to install Kubuntu exactly. I propose here a classic of three partitions:
- For the Operating System: 25GB (minimum, I use 100GB of a spare SSD disk) → formatted as ext4 → root '/'.
- An area for memory swap: 8GB (I use 20GB of same SSD disk than above) → formatted as swap
- Your user profile and documents: The last bigger part of your disk (I use a 500GB dedicated SSD disk) → formatted as ext4 → '/home'.
Software & Updates, Additional Drivers and upgrade:
Once installed, open the main menu of Plasma and launch 'Discover' (start typing "Disco" in the search field). Discover is the app store of Kubuntu. You'll find at the bottom a "Settings" button; click on it and you'll see on top-right an access to 'Software Sources'. Click it and enter your password. When the dialog 'Software Sources' appears, on the first tab 'Ubuntu Software', select the best mirror (Download from > Other > Select Best Server). You'll save a ton of time for the updates if you do that after the first launch.
Then go to the tab 'Additional Drivers' and install the proprietary proposed driver (especially if it makes your hardware more stable and performs better, a common situation on GNU/Linux for NVidia drivers unfortunately.)
When all of that is done, close this dialog and in Discover press the colored "Update" button to list the updates. You can proceed to do all the updates (button on top of this page 'Update All' to start the process). Don't worry if it is a lot: a fresh system installed always have a lot of update to do (eg. I had 244 update to do here).
As an alternative, you can do the same update with this two lines inside "Konsole" the terminal app of Kubuntu. This line will ask for your password as the change affect your operating system. Just note that Ctrl+C works to copy this lines but you'll need to Ctrl+Shift+V to paste it inside Konsole, because Ctrl+V is reserved historically to other terminal based features.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
When all the update are done and your hardware works (I advice a little reboot to check if everything is alright) then it's time for settings. Here is the list of settings I recommend to alter Kubuntu slightly in order to adapt it to visual content creation:
Restore a functional Alt key
KDE Plasma team recently fixed this one; but I'm not sure it is part of Plasma 5.18 that comes with Kubuntu 20.04§. So in case: the
Alt modifier Key on your keyboard might still be used to moves windows. This important
Alt modifier key is used in software like Krita, Inkscape, Scribus and Blender. You can fortunately change this behavior, and transfer this feature to the
Super key (the Windows key, new default now).
In the settings: Windows Management > Windows behavior > Windows Action: Switch the Modifier 'Alt key' to 'Meta key'.
Deactivate the hot corner
Hot corners are probably cool but doesn't work very well with a tablet. I tend to forget about them, then I quickly remember as I take back a mouse. Kubuntu comes with a predefined hot corner to show all windows, it can be deactivated this way:
In the settings: Desktop Behavior > Screen Edges > deactivate the top left corner "present all windows"
Don't darken colors of parent windows
Darkening the parent windows often breaks usability of visual apps (eg. a color picker windows that can't access color of the parent).
In the settings: Desktop effect > Dialog Parent (darken the parent windows) unchecked
Don't drag from any part of the GUI
This feature allows one to drag the window from any pixels inside the GUI. With a stylus in hand, it leads to many unintentional drag as soon as someone tries to adjust a slider a bit quickly.
In the settings: Application Style > (check the little configuration icon near to 'Breeze') > in the 'Configure Breeze' panel turn "Windows drag Mode" to title-bar only".
Start system with an empty session
By default, Kubuntu will restore at startup all the app that were still opened at shutdown. If you prefer starting fresh with an empty desktop:
In the settings: Startup and Shutdown > Login Screen (SDDM) > choose "Start with empty session" or the computer will launch all programs open when you pressed the shutdown button.
Fix non-persistent numlock key
For French AZERTY keyboard, numbers are more accessible via the numpad. But without a persistent numlock key you'll have to press numlock every start, unless: In the settings: Hardware > Input device > Numlock on startup "Turn on"
Neutralize the colored gray on theme
Having blueish gray, or warm gray on the user interface can mess with your perception of color balance and then affect your work. Breeze, the default theme comes with colored grays...
In the settings: Colors > Mouse hover "Breeze" to select the tiny pen 'edit' button.
You can then edit the colors, the main issue is with "Focus decoration" > Remove the saturation of the color to make it neutral. And switch all title bar (active/inactive) to a neutral gray: I use here
Thinner Windows style
A useful tips to save room on monitors for more vertical space and so more brush presets, palette or options that matters while painting:
In the settings: Application style > Windows decoration > Windows Border size 'No borders':
- Put your mouse over the Breeze thumbnail to reveal the hidden Edit button (a little pencil icon, I know: this interface is not a good design)
- Then in the panel: General > Button size > Small
- Also, remove "Draw a circle around close button" exept if you like it.
- Go back to the Settings main menu, then: Fonts > Fonts > Lower windows title to 9pt, bold.
A black theme for an interface on top
This is a personal taste; it blends better with the edges of my border-less monitors and it's easier to forget about them:
In the settings: Workspace theme > Plasma theme > Get New Plasma Themes and find Unity-Plasma
Move the panel to the top screen border (the configuration icon on bottom-right > Screen edge and drag and drop the panel to the top).
Add a workspace
Workspaces are great for productivity! I use only two workspace:
- "General", to take notes, reply to email, work on my script, the website or read social medias.
- "Production" were I have an always ready "virtual easel" with my setup ready to paint.
In the settings: Desktop Behavior > Virtual Desktops ; one row, top one "Internet" and "Production" on two row. I switch them scrolling on a Pager widget in my top bar on second monitor.
File-Manager Dolphin, Krita, Blender & Git previews:
Open the file manager, and go to Control > Configure Dolphin:
In General > Preview tab, activate 'Krita documents' and any other preview you are interested in. (eg. I add also Blender previews, and I deactivate here the directory previews).
For the Git preview, it will be in the 'Services' page but only after installing the plugins manually and restart Dolphin:
sudo apt install dolphin-plugins
Optional while you are around: cleanup the Services not used for a more compact right-click menu.
A better kickoff menu
The default menu of Kubuntu has only a single column of favorite application. If you do content creation including audio, video, art; you might have as I do dozens of favorite app. Fortunately, an alternative menu exist and let you setup more column and resize the menu:
Click on the option of your panel (icon on far right) then click on "Add a new widget" and go to get new widget button on the bottom of the list to pick new widget online. You'll find an update for the default Plasma kickoff menu with more option (resize, column, icon size) and less scroll: Kickoff/Grid https://store.kde.org/p/1317546/. This just feels right!
If you loose the 'Super' key action to open the menu, right-click on the kickoff button, "Configure Application Launcher", then in the dialog go to "Keyboard shortcut tab" and assign
Meta+F1 as a shortcut (Meta is the "Windows" key, also called "Super"). This is a workaround because the Meta/Super key alone will be rejected. For an unknown reason, this non logic tips works: you'll have your menu pop up after a single Meta/Super key press after that.
Custom default folders
By default, GNU/Linux system forces you to adopt a directory structure in your home folder. "Desktop", "Videos", "Public", etc... This doesn't suit every needs. You can fortunately customize that. Mine are slightly different (mostly undercase). To edit them, open your Files, show hidden folder with Ctrl+h and then edit .config/user-dirs.dirs with a text editor (eg, kate). Then edit the lines to your liking, save and close.
XDG_DESKTOP_DIR="$HOME/beta-test" XDG_DOCUMENTS_DIR="$HOME/documents" XDG_DOWNLOAD_DIR="$HOME/downloads" XDG_MUSIC_DIR="$HOME/music" XDG_PICTURES_DIR="$HOME/pictures" XDG_PUBLICSHARE_DIR="$HOME/public" XDG_TEMPLATES_DIR="$HOME/resources/templates" XDG_VIDEOS_DIR="$HOME/videos"
After that close all the instance of the file manager:
When you'll restart it, the change will be done.
Firefox media integration:
This is a little plus, but I admit I like it to be able to quickly pause the podcast or music I'm listening (more and more often via a webrowser) while painting :
Firefox addons for plasma integration: [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/plasma-integration/].
Color Calibration and Management
This part unfortunately was working on previous Plasma4 but doesn't work anymore since years now. Here is my workaround. We will use argyllcms tools installed this way:
sudo apt install argyll
To do a classic calibration of two monitors (I have a USB Pantone Huey Pro colorimeter) at 160cd/m², 6500K and Gamma 2.2 enter this type of line one by one on the terminal:
dispcal -d 1 -t 6500 -b 160 -g 2.2 -yl -v -o MONITOR1 dispcal -d 2 -t 6500 -b 160 -g 2.2 -yl -v -o MONITOR2
Just follow the instruction on the terminal, place your colorimeter and wait for getting your ICC. Simple.
Load the ICC:
To apply the ICC on each start-up; we will have to do a script containing something like that (adapt the path):
#! /bin/sh dispwin -d 1 /absolute/path/to/MONITOR1.icc dispwin -d 2 /absolute/path/to/MONITOR2.icc
Save that into a
ICC-loader.sh, right click on the file and give it permission to execute, then in the Kubuntu menu search for "Autostart" then in the dialog "add a new script" and customize the path to load our ICC-loader script.
Here is the list I use, if you don't know them, I invite to select the keyword of their name with your right-click and search more information about them. Needless to say I love all the software on this list and a epic THANK YOU if you contributed to them:
My favorite utilities:
sudo apt install filezilla nomacs xournal xsane zim ghostwriter gtimelog meld
The GNU/Linux graphic tools:
sudo apt install gimp blender photocollage
(note: see later instruction to get Inkscape 1.0 and Krita 4.3)
Audio/video editing tools:
sudo apt install audacity obs-studio simplescreenrecorder olive-editor kdenlive guvcview peek audacious audacious-plugins audacious-plugins-data clementine
Development tools, codecs and and other must-have libraries (imo):
sudo apt install git wget imagemagick ffmpeg mencoder htop diffutils rsync curl cryptsetup libgdk-pixbuf2.0-dev libxml2-utils ruby ruby-sass flashplugin-installer libcurl4 trash-cli libavcodec-extra lame flac unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar rar x264 libdvdnav4 gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad gstreamer1.0-plugins-ugly ffmpegthumbnailer
Specific to my install/needs
Libraries and tools for Pepper&Carrot scripts and renderfarm:
sudo apt install exiftran lftp xclip jo notify-osd libnotify-bin optipng sshpass jq python3-pip zenity parallel python3-unidecode python-is-python3 pip3 install --upgrade arabic-reshaper
Book project: PDF manipulation, LaTex
sudo apt install scribus fontforge fontforge-extras peek texlive-full texlive-extra-utils pdftk pandoc
System admin preference utilities:
sudo apt install mc ppa-purge screenfetch gnome-disk-utility geany kronometer treesheets gprename samba gitk
My old printer Canon MP560 on Linux can only be added to the printers list in the settings after installing the Bjnp protocol and also adding special permissions (replace "deevad" with your username) :
sudo apt install cups-backend-bjnp sudo usermod -a -G lpadmin deevad
This major and amazing release wasn't made in time to be part of Kubuntu 20.04. But a repository exists:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:inkscape.dev/stable sudo apt update sudo apt install inkscape
a simpler editor than the default Nano (with sane shortcut: Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V, Ctrl+S and Ctrl+Q) for my quick edit of config files in the Terminal. It also has line number, code syntax colored, and support for mouse. With that tool and after years of nano, I re-enjoy editing files as sudo inside the terminal.
curl https://getmic.ro | bash sudo mv micro /usr/bin/micro
Note: Micro was finally packaged with 20.04; but the package is poor quality and has bugs that make it non-usable.
I install two versions of Krita on my computer:
- A compiled from the sources version to participate bug-tracking and feedback.
- A stable appimage version for production.
Quick install of Krita 4.3 AppImage:
As I'm writing this guide, I'm using the krita-4.3.0-x86_64.appimage in production and since its release. This is a solid version where I made episodes, and book projects from A to Z without a crash or big trouble. To get a dedicated Krita-stable and the shortcut in your menu (customize the path to your liking):
mkdir ~/software cd ~/software wget https://download.kde.org/stable/krita/4.3.0/krita-4.3.0-x86_64.appimage wget https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/Calligrakrita-base.svg/1200px-Calligrakrita-base.svg.png chmod +x krita-4.3.0-x86_64.appimage
And for the launcher (using micro text-editor, use 'nano' if not installed),
mkdir -p ~/.local/share/applications micro ~/.local/share/applications/krita-stable.desktop
And paste into this recipe (customize the path; /home/deevad is my user folder, you'll need to adapt your code to yours).
[Desktop Entry] Categories=Graphics; Name=Krita-Stable Comment=Digital Painting - Stable appimage Exec=/home/deevad/software/krita-4.3.0-x86_64.appimage Icon=/home/deevad/software/1200px-Calligrakrita-base.svg.png MimeType=image/openraster;application/x-krita; StartupNotify=true Type=Application
Save (Ctrl+S) and quit (Ctrl+Q), then do that to make your launcher executable:
chmod +x ~/.local/share/applications/krita-stable.desktop
Now when you type "Krita" after pressing super; you'll have the new Krita icon and you'll be able also to use it to "Open With" your documents, or put it on your favorite in dock. Note that with this recipe you can install many other software and use in parallel many version of Krita.
Compile Krita from source:
If you want to follow the development and help with beta-testing you can read my cat guide here to compile it. But during the process, you'll realise you'll need to install libraries to build the code from source and the only way to get the list is by playing trial and errors. One after one. I spent those two hours for you, here is my list that work out-of-the-box on Kubuntu 20.04:
sudo apt install cmake debhelper extra-cmake-modules gettext libboost-system-dev libeigen3-dev libexiv2-dev libfftw3-dev libgif-dev libgsl-dev libjpeg-dev libkf5archive-dev libkf5completion-dev libkf5config-dev libkf5coreaddons-dev libkf5crash-dev libkf5guiaddons-dev libkf5i18n-dev libkf5itemmodels-dev libkf5itemviews-dev libkf5kio-dev libkf5widgetsaddons-dev libkf5windowsystem-dev liblcms2-dev libopencolorio-dev libopenexr-dev libpng-dev libpoppler-qt5-dev libqt5opengl5-desktop-dev libqt5svg5-dev libqt5x11extras5-dev libraw-dev libtiff-dev libxcb-util0-dev libxcb1-dev libxi-dev pkg-config pkg-kde-tools pyqt5-dev python3-dev python3-pyqt5 python3-sip-dev qtbase5-dev qtdeclarative5-dev qtmultimedia5-dev vc-dev zlib1g-dev libqt5sql5-sqlite libquazip5-dev
A tool to download videos on Youtube; useful to quote other CC-By video production or other videos with compatible license:
sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
To update it later:
sudo youtube-dl -U
A screencast utility that displays your keyboard and mouse status, useful for recording video tutorials and show what keys you press. I made a theme for it back in 2011 and unfortunately it is not packaged anymore due to dependencies to Python 2 and Gtk2. Fortunately, Scott Kirkwood made a fork available on Github, to install it:
sudo apt-get install python3-xlib pip3 install git+https://github.com/scottkirkwood/key-mon
and to run, type
key-mon on a console (or create a shortcut icon to it).
I'm a bit old school for my web development (I learned in 2000), all I needs is PHP and modules like XML handling, Image Manipulation (GD) and URL rewriting. My website here https://www.davidrevoy.com and https://www.peppercarrot.com still use only that. So the guide under is very specific to my needs but it might inspire other users.
Install the LAMP stack
sudo apt install apache2 echo "ServerName localhost" | sudo tee /etc/apache2/conf-available/fqdn.conf sudo a2enconf fqdn sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-gd php-xml php-mbstring sudo systemctl reload apache2
Symlinks custom folders
By default, the local server use directory
/var/www/html but I prefer to work on my home directory. It ease my backup and comfort to edit files. Here is what I do with symlinks, as an example. I start to remove the default file in www/html, then I recreate it:
sudo rm -r /var/www/html sudo mkdir /var/www/html
After that, I link from this place my web development directories:
sudo ln -s ~/www/peppercarrot/ /var/www/html/peppercarrot sudo ln -s ~/www/.test.peppercarrot/ /var/www/html/peppercarrot-test sudo ln -s ~/www/davidrevoy /var/www/html/davidrevoy
To allows URL rewrite and .htaccess on local folders:
sudo micro /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf
Add the following to the end of the file :
<Directory "/var/www/html"> AllowOverride All </Directory>
If you often tweak files created via apache/php; a good tip is to add your user to the www-data group, for my user 'deevad' it looks like that:
sudo usermod -a -G www-data deevad id deevad groups deevad
Restart and enjoy
sudo systemctl restart apache2
It's now good, you can connect with your web-browser to your folders with this type of address [http://localhost/davidrevoy/]. When the website are ready; I upload changes with Filezilla to my distant server via sFTP. But I also automatized that with time using a rsync script over SSH that help at doing the synchronization. If you want to know more about this method; look at the upload script on Pepper&Carrot tool repository.
Disable Apport crash report dialog:
By default all Ubuntu derivatives comes with a tool to report bugs. In theory, the idea is very good. In practice, you'll have a dialog pop-up that appear each time a software exit a bit abruptly or each crashes you have (and with the software I have, crashes are something you'll experience from time to time unfortunately). The report are often useless for the developer and so this dialog reports too many false positives that interrupt work and takes very long to display. It also known to crash on its own on Kubuntu since years. To deactivate it:
sudo micro /etc/default/apport
Edit manually 'enabled=1' to 'enabled=0' and Ctrl+S to save, Ctrl+Q to quit.
Fix Imagemagick memory limit.
By default, Imagemagick, a command line tool to manipulate raster images, is installed with a very low tolerance to large files. That's a bit sad because I remember when they changed it and then I had an issue with it I took hours to solve. If we want to convert 300ppi PNG or JPG, convert to CMYK this faulty default will return errors. To level up the possibilities of this fantastic library:
sudo micro /etc/ImageMagick-6/policy.xml
Scroll the lines and upgrade the limit manually with the text editor. My setup use that:
<policy domain="resource" name="memory" value="4GiB"/> <policy domain="resource" name="map" value="4GiB"/> <policy domain="resource" name="width" value="128KP"/> <policy domain="resource" name="height" value="128KP"/> <policy domain="resource" name="area" value="4GiB"/> <policy domain="resource" name="disk" value="6GiB"/>
also, allow PDF read/write (it is useful).
Find the line:
<policy domain="coder" rights="none" pattern="PDF" />
and change it to
<policy domain="coder" rights="read | write" pattern="PDF" />
Ctrl+S to save, Ctrl+Q to quit.
Fix issue with sleep/suspend/hibernate mode
Warning, might be Dell Vostro 430 (my computer) specific: since two releases my computer can't go to sleep, when it does it shut totally and no way to wake it up. I have to press 6 sec on the shutdown button or remove the power, wait... and start again as a regular boot. This tip fix it:
sudo micro /etc/systemd/sleep.conf
Then uncomment first line and add this under
[Sleep] AllowSuspend=yes SuspendState=freeze
References & links:
- Kubuntu official website
- All my previous guides from 2011 to now.
- A previous guide never listed: Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 LTS.
- Reinstall youtube-dl on Ubuntu 18.04 https://andjey.info/reinstall-youtube-dl-on-ubuntu/
- Wiki Archlinux: XDG user directories - https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/XDG_user_directories
- Kickoff resize issue: https://forum.kde.org/viewtopic.php?t=128771
- Sleep mode issue: https://askubuntu.com/questions/1183716/ubuntu-19-10-on-dell-xps-13-2-in-1-7390-suspend-problem/1184109
I hope you liked this article! Here is to end a quick inspired Kubuntu artwork to thanks the Kubuntu team!