Production report: episode 31

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Slowly but surely and in the background of the book-publishing project I've been working on a future episode of Pepper&Carrot. Here is a report about that with many screenshots:


* Screenshot here might spoil parts of the story (I selected them to minify this effect).
* Anatomy sketch training posted here might look like nudity.

Episode 31's challenges

As usual, I'm using Pepper&Carrot episodes to push forward my art techniques, tools and habits. The first challenge will be to work in 4KUHD resolution which means 3840x5422 px; compared to the first episode (A4@300ppi and its 2481x3503 pixels) that's a big change.

The second challenge is to render this episode to look like my recent illustrations. I have a new taste for producing artworks with textured canvases. I developed (and shared here) a set of new brush presets to help me getting this effect with Krita.

A close-up on "Black Hole" (illustration here)

A screenshot of Krita while testing my new brush effects

Drawing training

I also spent many hours doing exercises and tests. I trained the fundamentals; anatomy, gesture, perspective, facial expressions... That was essential to survive all the frustration I gathered while working on the book project. I learned a lot and I felt the upgrade when I made a week of signing sessions in Paris at the end of November. Here are visual from this period:

I made a sketchbook I named "Testing" during this period.

Inside testing, I experiment drawing with ink directly a lot.

... or over a minimal sketch.

I did the same with Krita and my Cintiq13HD.

Writing and storyboard

The story is born from many different thumbnails from my sketchbook; the main one driving my inspiration was clearly this doodle:

A quick thumbnail from June, source of inspiration for Episode 31...

Same doodle with full rendering, for testing (illustration here)

I wrote the main story inside a text-editor to get an idea of the spine of the story but quickly, I felt I had to experiment with my ideas directly on a storyboard because episode 31 has a long fight scene and it was nearly impossible to just "write it down". I took a brush and started to speedpaint in black and white the episode as I did in my long video tutorial "a comic page from A to Z with Krita".

One of my surprises was how quicker I was and how my speedpainting of characters improved. I also experimented with the language: I wrote the episode in French and added subtitles in English under each speech bubble so I was able to keep in the loop the non-French proofreaders. I worked also on making more automation tools for the beta-testing to share a rendering of the version while I'm making changes, daily. This whole process allowed me to play more with the layout of the page during the process and interact more with the proofreaders of Pepper&Carrot on a thread of the Gitlab instance of Framasoft: Framagit (A big thanks to the small team which help me a lot for feedback and improvements!).

Black and white speedpainting blended well with the borderless white panel and working on them with Krita for the art and Inkscape for the text felt less difficult than in my previous episodes over these gray values. I had a very good creative time.

How a page layout evolved while proofreading


I wasn't really confident enough to just reuse my black and white speedpaintings and use a grayscale to color workflow on them. So my action plan was to consider this time the storyboard as an underlying sketch and redraw the artwork over it, flatten the colors, then shade the result with my brushes. In short here is a quick test illustration with Schichimi that shows the main steps for making my pages (the steps where I can pause the page and switch to the next one).

click to enlarge


The process was "fine but long" using my Cintiq13HD. I did not target a clean "inking" rendering (with sharp full black lines) but I preferred detailed pencil drawings that describe all the volumes in the most correct way I could. It asked for quite a time budget to do that, but I could fix many facial expressions, poses, proportions on the way. The process was basic: I reduced the layer opacity of the speedpainting to around 16%, I created a layer on the top and drew on it.

One of the drawbacks of this step is that while I was focused on each panel to solidify the correctness of the art, I also felt like I lost a certain energy in the artwork that the storyboard had... It's probably something related to the "Classic Art VS Life" described with success by Scott McCloud in his book "Making Comics" which I highly recommend. (sample of his work on the topic on this article). I'll take notes about that for episode 32.

A screenshot during the (re)drawing process

Color Flat

My friend the Krita colorize-mask feature had poor results with my pencil artworks: the noise texture built into my lines made a lot of artifacts; the result was "good but not great" and required a lot of manual fixing. Too bad, colorize-mask can speed up this boring task by almost two or three times when the art is compatible with it.

Colorize-mask markups on left, rendering on middle, close-up on right

So, I flattened my colors manually with a brush. As a helper for color consistency across the panels, I was happy to discover a Krita plugin that revived the old reference docker but improved. I could load on it a palette I made with my background key colors and characters. (this docker does auto-picking of color when clicking on it which is very convenient). Very good plugin, thanks Antoine Roux for it!

Reference plugin on left with my custom palette.


And that's where I am now; ready to start the shading on all pages of the episode and to open it for translation (translation before releasing the episode sent to the 50 languages of Pepper&Carrot) will start in a couple of days; there will be a lot of activity on the project repository.

But before shading, when I compare the storyboard to the current state of the drawings, it looks synthetic and cold due to the detailed drawings and big area of flat colors...

A comparison of the storyboard VS redraw+flat color

Even if looking at it gives me vertigo (redrawing took around 6h per page, flattening around 3h...) I'm certain from my recent experiments that one of the keys to create good shading and rendering is also in this type of preparation of my canvas; my test on this illustration below was a success:

So, I'll start shading and see how things go. I'll then create after the release a detailed tutorial about this shading technique if it still works and if it used a reasonable time budget in total compared to all the planning it required. If not I'll explore what I can branch reusing directly my storyboard speedpaintings to save more production time while adding more life into the panels.

That's all for today, if you want a credit at the end of the future episode 31 and help my quest in general, please support my work. I plan to release Episode 31 next Friday. Until that, I'll post screenshots of my first renderings on usual social-media I use.

Thank you for reading this sort of diary on the making of Pepper&Carrot episodes and thanks also to all the supporters of the series.

Thanks to Quetzal2 for the English improvements and corrections

License: "Production report: episode 31" by David Revoy − CC-BY 4.0
Tags:  #making-of   | Download: Markdown


link Quetzal2  

Nice to see things develop and improve!
I really love the illustrations. They are incredible. The sketchbook-rain one left me speechless. I think this one left a bigger impression on me, because I haven't seen it before, and because of the change of style and tools. Wow.
Great doodling sketchbook :) Do you have an "Unstable" one too? ;)
This insight into your workflow and seeing these results are a huge motivation and source of knowledge for me.
Thank you.

link moral busybody  

Do you ever find yourself thinking that drawing her would sometimes be less awkward if you didn't decide that she was 14? I mean, the occasional very short skirts, the rather busty last picture in this post, the magic contest... just saying.

link David Revoy Author,

14 years old is when the series starts. She is now 18 years old on episode 31.

link David Revoy Author,


link Vinay  

I think the move to try to get that more classic canvas texture is a really cool one. I really love that less sterile feel of it and it really goes with your way of working. It is way less sterile than the more classic paper comics (Asterix etc) even though this is digital. I can imagine though with all the possibilities you have now it may be a challenge to stop polishing your work, to preserve the rough edges.

On that note, why did you move to the higher resolution and as you mention it brings new challenges, what are these? Is it just harder on your hardware, is it harder to stop polishing (because you can now work in finer detail) or is there something else? And the higher resolution, is it because you expect it to work better in print (for the next physical book)?

Always interesting to see the kind of work that goes into creating something (which is what I like about supporting Patreon too) and also cool to see how much your feedback support the software development too.

link David Revoy Author,

Thank you for your nice words Vinay and your continuous support too.
I upgraded to 4K for multiple reasons: the first one is linked to the canvas effect itself; if you click on the first screenshot on the top of this article; you'll see the detail of the canvas on the close-up of the artwork "Black-hole". To get this canvas effect; I need more resolution. It is like if I traded "the pixels unit" to "a canvas unit" (a cell/comb mini area of the canvas texture). The paradox here is while I increase the resolution of the artwork, I also have less details to paint (because the size of the 'canvas unit' is actually larger than what pixels were before). If I work at smaller resolution like before with my new brushes; the stroke of painting (and 'hair' of brush) quickly merge together and transformed into pixels blur and I'm stuck for the details between pixel art or painting a soup of blur. With this resolution, I can still see all the painted strokes and get something more organic at a high zoom level (more than a grid of pixel). When I publish the artwork on internet at a lower size; I don't have to use any sharpen filter anymore to build fake details: I have this natural noise that produce crunchy details for me (thanks to improvements on Imagemagick, they have now better anti-moire and better details when reducing artworks than ever).
For the other reasons; I just saw all TV set going 4KUHD and while working on giant artwork for Contributopia I saw my computer with Krita 4.2x was handling the files without much trouble. The developpers probably optimised things very well so with the same hardware I can actually do more without a lot of impact.
I don't think it will get an influence on how I print the art for the book. The target printer are still 300ppi so around 2400x3200px large for a big book. But downscaling my artworks will be more detailed. That's a good way to prepare the future too ^__^

link GelpatLucas  

Hello David. I tried to install the reference docker plugin. I don't usually use code, so I couldn't install it completely, how did you install it? Sorry for my english

link David Revoy Author,

Hi, the install instructions are detailed on the frontpage here: ; but it might be also coming from your Krita instalation. Hard to say. What version of Krita and operating system are you using? What part of the README was hard for you?

Note that after installing, you need to activate the docker via the settings > Python plugin manager. This is a checkbox to activate in front of the plugin's name. When you'll do that; restart Krita and the docker will be among other dockers "Reference docker". I hope it will help!

link Doudoulolita  

J'ai commencé à utilisé Krita il n'y a pas si longtemps, et j'ai découvert tes tutoriels dabord et ton travail par la suite. Je trouve que ce que tu fais est très cool, aussi bien la BD que la démarche. Je vais essayer de davantage suivre ce que tu fais, et de soutenir ton travail dans la mesure de mes moyens. Bon courage pour tes prochains épisodes !

link David Revoy Author,

Un grand merci Doudoulolita!

link Ekaterina K  

Is that Carrot who used your sketchbook as a portal and sneaked into our world? :)))

link TappedOut  

needs moar jpeg.

link Malle_Yeno  

Beautiful stuff! Can't wait to see what you put up next.

It's interesting that you do a b&w study, and then fill out lines after. I can't even imagine what my values are until I have the sketch out!

link Mercury  

Did you do that line variations traditionally with just fineliners/markers? if so, how did you do it? People say to go over with different sizes or overlap the strokes but that is usually hard for me.

link David Revoy Author,

Hi, I drew them with the tablet; using the pencil preset I share with my latest brush pack for Krita. I guess my hand got more and more auto-stabilized with years of practise; I'm less and less thinking about the line weight, thickness, making it single stroke and the line dynamism; but more and more I'm focusing on the volume underneath and the light/material it depicts. I try to magnet it to the 3D shapes. That might be a key to encode more useful information in those lines for the audience rather than taking care of a pleasant and clean set of graphical 2D spline/curve but it also requires all attention, focus and imagination while drawing. I'm still exploring a lot in this area, thank you for your comment about it.

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